Probiotics - Prebiotics
What is it and what its benefits?
The probiotics and probiotics have been the subject of research because of their positive contribution to the preservation of health and the treatment of various diseases.
Today it is now known that intestinal microflora plays a key role in human health. Disorders of intestinal microflora have been associated with the occurrence of various diseases.
Coexistence between the intestinal microflora and the host provides mutual benefit. When this equilibrium is disturbed by various factors such as, for example, diet, use of antibiotics, stress and age, there is a phenomenon of 'dysbosis' with negative health effects.
Here the probiotics-prebiotics help.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), probiotics are living microorganisms which, when administered in sufficient quantities, offer benefits to human health.
Probiotics, that is, are good bacteria. "Good" microbes also exist in fermented foods such as yoghurt and sour milk.
They are the non-food ingredients that selectively stimulate the growth and activity of one or more friendly bowel bacteria, thereby positively influencing human health.
These substances are found naturally in foods such as radishes, onions, garlic, artichokes, asparagus, barley, rye, soybean and lupine.
Probiotics are often combined with prebiotics, acting synergistically and collectively called 'symbiotic'. The presence of prebiotics allows probiotic bacteria to survive and thus ensures the balance of intestinal microflora.
The up to date data on the role of probiotics and prebiotics in health is encouraging, but further research is needed.
Some of the questions that remain to be answered in the future relate to quantity, proportion, species, and the combination of probiotics and prebiotics required to achieve maximum health benefits.
- Translated with Google translate
Nutrition and Clinical Diet Centre
Clinical Nutritionist: Amourgi Eirini - Argostoli Kefalonia